Regenerative Medicine Vol. No. | Short Communication

Monocytes recruitment blocking synergizes with mesenchymal stem cell transplantation for treating myocardial infarction


Background: Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation is a promising therapeutic approach for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), however, research to date has demonstrated unsatisfactory results. Materials & methods: An AMI mouse model was established via left coronary artery ligation. AMI mice were treated with MSCs, anti-CCR2 or MSCs + anti-CCR2 and the effects of each treatment group were compared. Macrophage infiltration was analyzed by immunofluorescence staining and flow cytometry. Results:Implantation of MSCs + anti-CCR2 yielded a greater improvement in cardiac function and significantly reduced macrophage accumulation in the infarct site of AMI mice compared with the injection of MSCs or anti-CCR2 alone. Moreover, reduced macrophage infiltration was accompanied by reduced pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion in the injury sites and the low inflammatory response favored tissue regeneration. Conclusion: Treatment with MSCs and anti-CCR2 in combination may be a promising therapeutic strategy for AMI.

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